Today we will be looking at four important yet very different lighting effects for landscape lighting – uplighting, downlighting, pathlighting and specialty lighting.
This is a general description for several lighting techniques that use surface mounted or recessed fixtures aiming upward. This creates a dramatic effect that demands attention-thereby establishing focal points. There are 6 main types of uplighting – Highlighting, Silhouetting, Scalloping, Shadowing, Grazing, and Wallwashing. They all have their own pros and cons, depending on the location you are using them in.
Like uplighting, this is a general term that describes a group of effects that places the illuminating source above the target area. Downlighting can be used to light specific garden elements and pedestrian areas or to illuminate large spaces for safety, security or recreational purposes. Also, as with uplighting there are different types of downlighting. They two main types are Moonlighting and Accenting.
The most visible source of lighting equipment comes from path lights. Pathlighting should be used to draw attention to pedestrian hazards such as grade changes or to illuminate surfaces that can’t be reached by downlighting from trees, eaves and other architectural elements or integral wall mounted fixtures.
Specialty lighting utilizes unique products built for specific applications, so designers can customize systems to their liking. Knowing how to take advantage of these products can greatly enhance a designer’s capabilities.